Muscles Test Review

Misc.

1) Know the anatomy of the muscle (in general) and the names and locations of the muscles in the coloring book.
2) Know the sliding filament theory.
3) Know the neuro-muscular junction.
4) Basically - all the stuff in your coloring book!
5) All the stuff below this is some details from the Interactive Physiology program...

Muscle Metabolism

1) What is ATP?
2) Explain how energy input and output works with Hydrolysis and Dehydration Synthesis of ATP.
3) What is the role of Creatine?
4) What sort of "work" does ATP do?
5) Briefly explain the process of anaerobic cellular respiration.
6) Briefly explain the process of aerobic cellular respiration.
7) What are the sources of sugars for use in cellular respiration? (Including diet & other sources)
8) What hormones are involved?
9) Explain general characteristics of the different types of muscle fibers we all have...

  White Fibers Red Fibers  
Diameter      
Color      
Fast or Slow Twitch?      
Blood Supply      
Mitochondria?      
Glycogen?      
Cycling Speed      
Typle of cell resp.      
Myoglobin?      
Marathon or Sprint?      

Contraction of Motor Units

1) What is a motor unit?
2) How do we achieve precise movements?
3) How to we do gross (large) moment?
4) Explain the process of "muscle tone".
5) Define "flaccid".

Whole Muscle Contraction

1) A single muscle fiber contracts ______ or ______.
2) A whole muscle has a range of force of contraction. Explain the 3 factors determining this force of contraction.
3) Draw and label a singe muscle twitch graph.
4) Draw and label a graph showing summation.
5) What are the various segments of the following graph called?

Types of Muscle Contraction

Be sure to know the 3 terms on the following image...

HAP Respiratory System Review

Respiratory System Test Review

  1. Identify the general functions of the respiratory system and why we breathe.
  2. Explain why respiration is necessary for cellular survival. (know formula for cellular respiration)
  3. Name and describe the locations of the organs of the respiratory system.
  4. Know the anatomy of the sinuses
  5. Be able to describe the structure and function of the parts of the respiratory system (pharynx, trachea, etc.)
  6. Explain how inspiration and expiration are accomplished.
  7. List several non-respiratory air movements and explain how each occurs.
  8. Locate the respiratory areas and explain control of normal breathing.
  9. Discuss how various factors affect surface tension, compliance, elasticity, resistance, etc.
  10. Define partial pressure and explain its importance in diffusion of gases.
  11. Describe gas exchange in the lungs and tissues.
  12. Describe the structure and function of the respiratory membrane.
  13. Explain how the blood transports oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  14. Know the hemoglobin/oxygen dissociation curves.
  15. Name and define each of the respiratory air volumes and capacities.
  16. Be able to describe in detail the various types of Hypoxia.
  17. Understand high altitude acclimatization.
  18. Be able to discuss control of ventilation by Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide levels.